## Friday, April 15, 2016

### Bernie-Bot math

Did you know that Bernie Sanders is all but assured of a contested Democratic convention? The Bernie Bots tell us so by a startlingly naive application of simple math. One example is embodied in a picture post that the senator's fans have been passing around and sharing. Its most basic claim is that “In order to prevent a contested convention with Bernie Sanders, Hillary needs to win 65% or more of the vote in every future state.” While I agree that Sanders has enjoyed a remarkable degree of success in the campaign to this point, the supposed reversal of fortune for Clinton seems a bit of a stretch. And it is.

The New York Times keeps a running tally of the delegates in each candidate's camp. As of today, the Times reports that Clinton has 1,307 pledged delegates and 469 unpledged delegates for a total of 1,776 (a nice patriotic number). Sanders by contrast has 1,087 pledged delegates and 31 unpledged delegates for a total of 1,118. The successful candidate will need 2,383 delegate votes to secure the Democratic nomination for president. Thus it's a simple matter to determine that Clinton needs 2,383 − 1,776 = 607 more delegates while Sanders needs 2,383 − 1,087 = 1,296.

Per the Times, there are evidently 1,959 delegates up for grabs in future primary elections and caucuses. Therefore, Clinton must secure 607/1,959 = 0.310 = 31% of the remaining delegates while Sanders has the more formidable task of rounding up 1,296/1,959 = 0.662 = 66.2% of them. How can the Bernie-Bot picture post be so wrong? Easy!

First, assume that all unpledged delegates (the notorious “superdelegates”) are undecided free agents. After complaining bitterly for months that superdelegates are Clinton minions who have “rigged” the nomination contest, Bernie's supporters are now pretending they can be ignored and omitted from Clinton's delegate count. If one insists that the 1,307 formally pledged delegates are all she has, then she needs 2,383 − 1,307 = 1,076. That's a whopping 1,076/1,959 = 0.549 = 54.9%. That's not as dramatic as the Bernie-Bot claim that she needs 65%, but it would still indicate that Hillary needs a majority of outstanding delegates to win the nomination! She's at a disadvantage! Or so we can pretend.

Remember how shocked Mitt Romney was when he lost the election in 2012? He and his campaign team had been taking all too seriously the “corrected” polling data from partisans who insisted that professional pollsters had biased their population samples against the Republican nominee. If you assumed that there would be a lot more GOP voters at the polls than the national pollsters were finding in their sampling, the results for Mitt were great! But wrong.

The power of an unwarranted assumption is great. And it gets even greater when you can't do the math.

Improbable Joe said...

MATH GUY!!!! I can't do the math you can do, but I can do percentages and read polls. Sanders is counting on a "momentum" based on states that Clinton didn't fight for because she knew he was going to win them. All she has to do is tie him from here on out and she wins the pledged delegates. She has an advantage in larger states. so she can lose a few smaller ones. An overall tie puts her ahead of him... and it isn't cheating if the party chooses her over him because she actually supports the party while he's having a tantrum in the corner.

Zeno said...

This "momentum" jazz is an election-year perennial, but highly unreliable. I think Sanders is stressing it because he has no better argument. The numbers are leaning strongly against him.

Ciaran said...

If Clinton has 1776, Sanders has 1296 and there are 1959 still to be decided (a total of 5031), how can 2383 be enough to win?

Zeno said...

The New York Times tally actually has Sanders at 1087, not 1296. In any case, the numbers vary depending on source. For example, Politico's delegate tracker currently says Clinton has 1758, Sanders has 1076, 158 are uncommitted, and 1931 remain to be chosen. That totals up to 4923, suggesting that a majority would be 2462 rather than widely published 2383. I presume conflicting reports and delegate waffling may have something to do with the ambiguities, which should diminish with time. The bottom line, however, remains the same: Bernie's supporters (some of them, anyway) are embracing completely bogus math. The numbers do not favor him.

Kathie said...

I hear that Jerry Brown just endorsed Hillary. How much, if at all, do you think that will influence the California primary outcome?

Zeno said...

Brown continues to enjoy high support levels among California voters, so his endorsement is considered a plus. Probably not a big one, though. Still, it helps Clinton stem the efforts of the Sanders campaign to depict their candidate as closing fast. One recent poll has Sanders only two points behind, but other recent polls give Clinton a big margin.

Ed Darrell said...

And now we have the Trumpettes and GOPers claiming all the polls are wrong, and that they have a grand chance for a landslide victory over Hillary Clinton.

What is it about being behind that just completely robs campaigns of math, statistics and reasoning skills?